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DIY Car Repairs

10 DIY Car Repairs!

by Jason Anderson

Mechanics can get expensive so what do you do when something on your car needs to be fixed? Well here are 10 DIY Car Repairs you can do at home.

Air Filter

1. Pop open your hood and locate the air filter in your car

2. Open the case and look at how the old filter sits inside of it. You will have an easier time putting the new filter in.

3. Remove the old filter

4. Put the new filter in and close the case

  • For more information visit this video

 

Draining your Oil

Do not change your oil when it is hot, if you change it while it is hot you will get burned.

1. Make sure your car is on level ground so you can safely jack up your car.

2. Locate the oil pan under your car and unscrew the drain plug to drain the old oil. Make sure you drain it into a recycling bin because you have to recycle motor oil. Replace the drain plug.

  • For more information visit this video

Windshield Wipers

1. Pull the wiper away from the windshield and press the small tab on the underside of the wiper to slide the wiper off the wiper arm.

2. Line up the new wiper with the wiper arm and slide it onto the arm

3. Lower the wiper arm back onto the windshield. Repeat with the other wiper, and you are done!

  • For more information visit this video

 

Headlights/Turn Signals

1. Pop your hood and look for the bulb holder. Typically it is a plug shaped like a trapezoid with three wires coming out of it.

2. Remove the wire harnessing from the bulb holder. If the holder has a plastic catch, simply press the lever on the top of the plug and pull firmly on the plug (took us awhile to figure that one out.)

3. Pull the old bulb out of the holder.

4. Hold it by the plug end, and stick it into the back of the headlight. Look to make sure it’s all the way in by confirming that there is no rubber gasket showing.

5. Plug the wiring back in and re-secure the bulb.

6. Test to make sure it works

  • Now this works for most car models but every car model is different

 

Replacing a Wheel

1. Make sure your car is on level ground so you can safely jack up your car.

2. Jack the car to the point where the jack is supporting your car but not lifting it

2. Remove the hub cap and loosen the nuts by turning counterclockwise.

3. Jack your car up off the ground and remove the nuts

4. Remove the wheel by sliding it off the axle, it might be stuck due to rust so don’t be afraid to get force full.

5. Tighten the nuts by hand until they are all snugUsing the wrench, tighten the nuts as much as possible using a star pattern (To ensure the tire is balanced) Going in a star pattern around the tire, one nut across from another, give each nut a full turn until they are equally tight.
(Avoid using so much force that you risk messing with the jack. You will tighten the lug nuts again once the car is down and there is no risk of it falling.)

6. Lower the car so the tire supports most of its weight and  tighten the nuts.

7. Jack it down all the way and finish tightening the nuts all the way (doing it this way makes sure you don’t put to much stress on the nuts when there not on all the way) And after that you are done!

  • For more information visit this video

 

Fuel Gauge Sender

When your car’s gas gauge is acting up or you seem to be running out of gas faster than usual, it’s probably time to replace your fuel gauge sender.

1. First, disconnect the negative battery cable.

2. Locate your fuel tank sending unit, typically located under your back seat or trunk carpet.

3. Unplug the wire harness on the top of the sender or remove the screws and bolts holding it in place.

4. Remove the sender by rotating it until it is lose.

5. Then, put the new sender in and secure it in place.

  • Now this works for most car models but every car model is different

 

Fuel Filter

1. Start your car, leave your engine running, and pull the fuse or relay out. You will know you have done this right if your engine dies. (this relieves the pressure from the fuel filter)

2. After relieving the fuel pressure, you can use two wrenches to disconnect the fuel lines from the fuel filter. Be sure to use a rag to cover the lines after you get the wrenches in place just in case there is still some pressure in the lines. Hold the wrench that is on the filter while turning the other wrench until the bolt comes out.

3. Slide the fuel line off the bolt and repeat on the other side.

4. Remove the old filter. You may need a flathead screwdriver to do this. Be careful as gas may still be in the old filter.

5. On the bolts you removed in steps 3 and 4, there will be washers. Remove the old washers and replace with new ones.

6. Install the new filter by doing the reverse of what you did to remove the old one. Put the fuel pump or relay back on before you try starting your car. (may takea few tries because the filter needs to fill up with fuel)

Now your car may have different needs depending on your model be sure to check your owner manuel

  • For more information visit this video

 

Spark Plugs

1. Locate the spark plugs by following the thick, rubbery wires under the hood of your car. you will have more spark plugs by the number of cylinders in your engine, you will find four, six, or eight spark plugs.

2. Start at the end of the row of spark plugs, pull the wires off the plugs by grasping the wire as close to the engine as you can then pulling or wiggling it a bit.

3. After you get the first wire off, attach a spark plug socket and extension to a ratchet. Set your ratchet to loosen, slide it over the plug as far as it will go, then remove the old plug.

4. Install the new plug by screwing it in by hand then tightening with a wrench.

5. Reattach the spark wire plug. Then repeat with each spark plug, one at a time.

  • For more information visit this video

 

Radiator Flush

Do not drain your radiator when it is hot, if you change it while it is hot you will get burned.

1. Locate the radiator drain plug on your car. Place a catch pan under the drain, then unscrew the plug and let it drain into the catch pan.

2. Replace the drain plug and remove the radiator cap. Using a funnel, add radiator flush cleaning solution to your radiator and fill the rest of the radiator up with water.

3. Replace and tighten the cap. Start your car, turn on your heater to the hottest position, then let it run for 10 minutes. After 10 minutes, turn off your car and wait for the engine to cool down.

4. After your engine cools down, unscrew the drain plug and empty out the contents of the radiator into your coolant receptacle.

5. Replace the drain plug. Then, using a funnel, fill your radiator with 50% water and 50% coolant. Tighten all your caps and you are done!

  • For more information visit this video

 

Fuses

If you happen to be driving and suddenly your headlights go out, chances are you blew a fuse. Luckily, this is an easy fix that should only take five minutes

1. Locate your fuse box under your dashboard on the driver’s side.

2. Pull out the fuse box and locate the fuse that looks melted or damaged.

4. Replace the blown fuse with a fuse of the same color.

3. If there are no blown fuses in the fuse box under the dashboard, locate the fuse box under your hood. Find the fuse that looks melted or damaged and replace it with a fuse of the same color.

  • For more information visit this video

 

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Category: DIY, Frugal Tips

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